The Glory Has Departed


Norma Boeckler, Artist in Residence

Bethany Lutheran Worship on
Ustream

NT Greek Lessons - Thursdays, 7 PM.

Saved worship files and Greek lessons are at the live worship link.

email: greg.jackson.edlp@gmail.com,
which works as gregjacksonedlp@gmail.com too.

Luther's Sermons, Lenker Series
Book of Concord Selections
Bente's Historical Introductions,
and Martin Chemnitz Press Books

Saturday, November 30, 2013

Raymond Klatt's Wife Died on Thanksgiving Morning

Marie Klatt


Obituary for Marie M Klatt

Marie M. Klatt, of Jackson, formerly of Saline, passed away peacefully Thursday, November 28, 2013 at Allegiance Hospice Home in Jackson. She was 76 years old. She was born November 1, 1937 to Laurie and Olga (Saari) Holso. Marie was retired from the University of Michigan. She enjoyed craft work and gardening, but most of all family. She was a member of the Faith Lutheran Church in Dexter.

Marie is survived by her husband Raymond, daughters Linda Klatt and Deanna Vollano as well as two granddaughters Heather and Christina Vollano. She was also survived by one niece and several great nieces and nephews and cousins. She was preceded in death by her parents, a brother Laurie Holso Jr., a sister Eleanor Holso and one nephew Duane Holso.


Funeral services will be held on Sunday, December 1, 2013 at 6:00 pm at the Nie Family Funeral Home- Liberty Road Chapel, 3767 W. Liberty Rd., Ann Arbor, MI. There will be visitation on Sunday from 2:00pm until time of service. In memory of Marie memorial contributions may be made to the Allegiance Hospice Home in Jackson. 


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GJ - We have been praying for Marie for some time. She needed nursing care and developed a clot after sustaining a hip injury. God has taken her from our midst.

Her husband Raymond has been a faithful member via the Internet and also a great helper in terms of improving the broadcast.

The flowers on the altar on Sunday are in memory of Marie. 

The purpose of the Gospel is to plant faith in Jesus in our hearts and sustain it through the Word and Sacraments. 

Blessed are those who die in Lord from henceforth. 

"I am the Resurrection and the Life. He who believes in Me, though he die, yet shall he live."

Paul Crouch, Trinity Broadcasting Network, Died at Age 79

131130crouch3

http://www.wnd.com/2013/11/tbn-founder-paul-crouch-dead-at-79/
Born in St. Joseph, Mo., on March 30, 1934, to Assemblies of God missionaries, Paul Crouch would later co-found TBN, which today has become America’s most watched faith network and the seventh largest group owner of broadcast TV stations in the U.S.
Crouch began his career in broadcasting by helping to build an educational AM station on campus while a student at Central Bible Institute and Seminary in Springfield, Mo. In 1957 he became a radio announcer in Rapid City, S.D. and eventually became program director. Shortly thereafter he was promoted to manager of KRSD-TV, the NBC affiliate in Rapid City. His career also included work with KREL-AM in Corona, Calif., KHOF-FM and KHOF-TV, San Bernardino, Calif., and an appointment by the General Council of the Assemblies of God to organize and operate their Department of Television and Film Production in Burbank, Calif.
He will best be known, however, for his efforts in 1973 – along with his wife, Jan, and Jim and Tammy Faye Bakker – to found TBN, then known as Trinity Broadcasting Systems.
In 1974, TBN purchased its first TV station, KLXA-TV (now KTBN-TV 40) in Southern California. Since then, TBN has grown to reach every major continent via 84 satellite channels and over 18,000 television and cable affiliates around the world.
Along with his wife, Jan, Crouch anchored TBN’s flagship program, “Praise the Lord,” a nightly two-hour talk show featuring guests, Scripture and entertainment.
Crouch and TBN have been the recipients of numerous awards and citations of appreciation, including the Golden Angel award from the Excellence in Media organization and the Parents Television Council Entertainment Seal of Approval.

Read more at http://www.wnd.com/2013/11/tbn-founder-paul-crouch-dead-at-79/#SC7BlFA1bYTb5UJs.99

Friday, November 29, 2013

Plagiarism Promoted and Defended in WELS-ELS-LCMS

Ego absolvo me,
et Districtus Popus Broken-Angelus.


See the post below on Mark Driscoll's plagiarism.

I just took a required course on how to deal with plagiarism. One form of plagiarism - changing a few words here and there, or changing the order of the material, as if that makes it original work.

Paul McCain, a Concordia Publishing House editor, plagiarizes on his blog and publishes posts thanking him for his "work" on the blog, which the item itself is 100% from another source and not cited.

His boss, who boasts a drive-by doctorate, supports this plagiarism by doing nothing about it, claiming that a blog promoting CPH books by a CPH employee has nothing to do with CPH or his maladroit stewardship of the business.



Just Think - Ski and Glende Went to Mark Driscoll To Study Plagiarism
And To Learn How To Shock Congregations with Graphic Language



« Previous  |Home|  Next »  
       
http://www.firstthings.com/blogs/firstthoughts/2013/11/29/flunking-mark-driscoll-for-plagiarism/

Friday, November 29, 2013, 9:31 AM
Mega-church pastor Mark Driscoll just can’t seem to avoid controversy. He’s crass and brash, and he says outrageous things. He’s always making some Christian somewhere uncomfortable. This time, however, it’s not about the words that he’s said. It’s that he’s claimed the words that other people have said.

On November 21, Janet Mefferd, a radio host, accused Driscoll of plagiarism. She pointed out that passages from his new book, A Call to Resurgence: Will Christianity Have a Funeral or a Future?, reproduce ideas from a book by Peter Jones published in 1999, Gospel Truth/Pagan Lies: Can You Tell the Difference? Driscoll blew off her assertion. Mefferd has uploaded a comparison of the similar passages, along with some other suspect passages, here.

If I had come across the Call to Resurgence passage, I’d have been concerned about the lack of citation, but I might have just shrugged it off as ineptitude.

Some of the other evidence that Mefferd found is more damning. In a book on First and Second Peter published by Mars Hill Church, Driscoll lifts whole paragraphs almost word-for-word from the entry on First Peter in the New Bible Commentary, published by IVP in 1994. These passages are at the end of the previous link, and Mefferd provides additional passages here.

I’m a university professor. I have no tolerance for this kind of nonsense. I’ve failed students for less flagrant plagiarism. So, it’s my duty, as a member of my professing profession, to give Driscoll an “F.”

Mark Driscoll, you have failed.

I’ve dealt with a number of plagiarists, and it seems to me that plagiarism stems from two issues. I’ll let you decide which problem Driscoll suffers from, because there obviously is a problem.
1. Laziness. Writing is hard work, so some writers don’t want to do it right. Laziness also leads to procrastination. Getting behind schedule causes writers to cut corners and plagiarize.
2. Ignorance. I don’t mean ignorance of the conventions of proper citation. Everyone knows not to steal other people’s words. I mean ignorance of the topic. Sometimes people plagiarize because they are incompetent. They don’t know enough about their topic to ask interesting questions and provide interesting answers. Thus they must regurgitate what someone else has done. Becoming competent would take too much work (see reason one), and admitting incompetence would be embarrassing.
Unfortunately, this kind of thing is pretty common in Christian publishing. I remember when I was in seminary I came across a couple of paragraphs in a new commentary that had been lifted word-for-word from a very old commentary. I told my professor about it, and he shook his head sadly. He said, “I know that author. I can’t believe he did that.” We didn’t have blogs back then. It was much more difficult to “out” the plagiarists.
Of course, perhaps Driscoll isn’t a plagiarist. Maybe he employed a ghostwriter who is a plagiarist. It’d be convenient to have a scapegoat right now. But even if it was his ghostwriter, I’ll still fail him because we university professors don’t actually approve of ghostwriting. I know it’s typical in Christian publishing, but it’s still lying. Ghostwriting is lying, and plagiarism is stealing, and there seems to be a lot of it going around.
I’m sorry, Pastor Mark, but I don’t give extra credit. You’ll be stuck with the grade you’ve earned on this one.
(And because it’s always important to cite your sources, I give Jonathan Merritt the HT for this one.)

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http://jonathanmerritt.religionnews.com/2013/11/27/mark-driscoll-silent-amid-mounting-allegations-of-plagiarism/
Mega-church pastor is mum in the face of four allegations of plagiarism in two books. (Image courtesy of Mars Hill Church - http://bit.ly/1hiOwlt)
Mega-church pastor faces at least four allegations of plagiarism involving two of his books. (Image courtesy of Mars Hill Church – http://bit.ly/1hiOwlt)
Syndicated radio host Janet Mefferd sent shockwaves throughout social media when she accused megachurch pastor Mark Driscoll of plagiarism in a heated on-air exchange last week. In the last two days, however, Mefferd has turned up the heat with additional allegations. On Tuesday, she posted photocopied evidence that Driscoll borrowed material — this time, word for word — in another of his books, “Trial: 8 Witnesses From 1&2 Peter. As Mefferd’s evidence demonstrates, Driscoll published several sections from D.A. Carson’s “New Bible Commentary” without proper citation.
Mefferd struck again on Wednesday, providing two additional allegations of plagiarism— both taken word-for-word from Carson’s “New Bible Commentary“ and published in Driscoll’s book on 1&2 Peter. Carson has said that preachers who plagiarize are “stealing” and “deceiving.” Requests for a comment sent to the office of D.A. Carson were not immediately returned.
Last week, Mefferd claimed Driscoll plagiarized Dr. Peter Jones for at least 14 pages in his book, “A Call to Resurgence. She has since released documentation in an effort to support these claims.
I contacted  Jones’ ministry, TruthXchange, for a public statement. Joshua Gielow, Jones’s assistant, has offered the following response:
Dr. Jones wants to express his appreciation for the balanced article on this matter published at Religion News Service. At this time, Dr. Jones and TruthXchange will not be making public statements, but we do pray for reconciliation among all parties involved.
Regarding “A Call to Resurgence,” the book’s publisher, Tyndale House, released a statement last week defending Driscoll, expressing dissatisfaction with Mefferd’s “belligerent tone”, and vowing to investigate the matter. Today, they sent the following statement to RNS:
Tyndale House takes any accusation of plagiarism seriously and has therefore conducted a thorough in-house review of the original material and sources provided by the author. After this review we feel confident that the content in question has been properly cited in the printed book and conforms to market standards.
According to Brad Greenberg, Intellectual Property Fellow at Columbia Law School, the first allegation is far less serious than the newer ones insofar as the law is concerned. Copyright laws protect expression — the exact ordering of words — not the idea, Greenberg told me.
“The passages that Mefferd has identified appear to be copied almost verbatim from the Carson New Bible Commentary. Merely changing a few words, such as ‘unschooled’ to ‘uneducated’, is likely not enough to skirt liability for copyright infringement,” Greenberg said. “The only relevant defense that I could see Driscoll having is independent creation–that is, he wrote this passage completely independent of the Carson text, and the striking similarity is mere coincidence. That, of course, is exceptionally unlikely because the Carson text was far from obscure and, in fact, was later cited by Driscoll.”
Mefferd has provided side-by-side photocopied comparisons of the material on her website.
Mefferd has provided side-by-side photocopied comparisons of the material on her website.
Mefferd told me it is disconcerting to her regardless of the legal implications: “I think word-for-word plagiarism is always very serious. Mark Driscoll plagiarized a man word-for-word providing more evidence that he hasn’t followed his own sermons and admonitions to not steal.”
Driscoll has been outspoken on the issue of stealing intellectual property. The FAQ section on the Mars Hill Church website warns against stealing Driscoll’s intellectual property, and he penned a November 23 article on lying that stated, “pastors are notorious for ‘borrowing’ material. All of us are guilty of deception to some degree. Its prevalence, however, does not change the fact that deception is a demonic, satanic issue.” In his book, “Vintage Church,” Driscoll argued that pastors who plagiarize should quit their jobs.
Mefferd says this has sweeping implications for Driscoll’s ministry because the Bible is “very clear that a pastor should be above reproach.” When asked if she believes Driscoll is now no longer above reproach and therefore unfit for the role of pastor, Mefferd replied, “That would be my opinion.”
Mars Hill Church Communications Manager Justin Dean, did not respond to emails, phone calls, and text messages. Driscoll has not acknowledged the matter on either his blog or social media accounts.
As to whether she has more allegations to make and more evidence to present in the coming days, Mefferd told me, “I think it is entirely likely that more will come to light.”
**RELATED: See my original column on this story for full context: “Mark Driscoll accused of plagiarism by radio host”**
- See more at: http://jonathanmerritt.religionnews.com/2013/11/27/mark-driscoll-silent-amid-mounting-allegations-of-plagiarism/#sthash.F0srXTpR.dpuf

Wednesday, November 27, 2013

Thanksgiving Service - 4 PM - Thanksgiving Eve.
2013



Thanksgiving, 2013

Pastor Gregory L. Jackson


Bethany Lutheran Worship, 4 PM Central Standard Time 

The Hymn # 558                 All Praise to Thee   4.44
The Order of Vespers                                             p. 41
The Psalmody            Psalm 100                             p. 144
The First Lection                       1 Timothy 2:1-8
The Second Lection           Luke 17:11-19       
 The Sermon Hymn # 574               Come Ye Thankful            4.9


Thanksgiving Comes from Faith

The Prayers and Lord’s Prayer                         p. 44
The Collect for Peace                                           p. 45
The Benediction                                                   p. 45
The Hymn #361   O Jesus King             4.1

KJV 1 Timothy 2:1 I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks, be made for all men; 2 For kings, and for all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty. 3 For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour; 4 Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth. 5 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; 6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time. 7 Whereunto I am ordained a preacher, and an apostle, (I speak the truth in Christ, and lie not;) a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and verity. 8 I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.

KJV Luke 17:11 And it came to pass, as he went to Jerusalem, that he passed through the midst of Samaria and Galilee. 12 And as he entered into a certain village, there met him ten men that were lepers, which stood afar off: 13 And they lifted up their voices, and said, Jesus, Master, have mercy on us. 14 And when he saw them, he said unto them, Go shew yourselves unto the priests. And it came to pass, that, as they went, they were cleansed. 15 And one of them, when he saw that he was healed, turned back, and with a loud voice glorified God, 16 And fell down on his face at his feet, giving him thanks: and he was a Samaritan. 17 And Jesus answering said, Were there not ten cleansed? but where are the nine? 18 There are not found that returned to give glory to God, save this stranger. 19 And he said unto him, Arise, go thy way: thy faith hath made thee whole.



Thanksgiving Comes from Faith in God

Sermon Text
Luke 17: 16 And fell down on his face at his feet, giving him thanks: and he was a Samaritan. 17 And Jesus answering said, Were there not ten cleansed? but where are the nine? 18 There are not found that returned to give glory to God, save this stranger. 19 And he said unto him, Arise, go thy way: thy faith hath made thee whole.

This is a familiar passage, since it is also used during the church year. But the miraculous healing sticks in our minds because of two points. One point is that 10 lepers were healed. The other is – the stranger or Samaritan, the outcast among outcasts – returned to give thanks. Jesus commended his faith – Your faith has healed you.

Thanksgiving means, for our nation today, being thankful in general. That translates into being thankful for good things, for material blessings. But this text makes us think of a more important kind of thankfulness – thanking God for everything.

Like all Scriptural lessons, this one makes us think of the bad guys as being really ridiculous in their attitude. After all, they had a life-threatening and loathsome disorder, one that separated them from family and friends. They were unclean according to Jewish law and condemned to live apart. They were miraculously healed after asking for healing, but nine did not return to give thanks.

Luther said that he would have turned them into lepers again.

But here we see that we are far more like the nine than we are like the Samaritan. We have so much from God, but others shame us for being far more grateful for the little they have materially. Or even worse for us, they are far more grateful for the Gospel as the true treasure of God, distributed by the Word and Sacraments.

It is well known that Christians in the Third World face constant persecution and death. And they are thankful for the Gospel, not resentful about the cross they must bear.

One of my students has been helping out in China, where restrictions and problems abound. She has been working in one of the poorest areas of Beijing. According to their traditions, certain people get all the benefits while the others do not, based on where they are from. She is helping among the poorest outside of Beijing proper. It is very difficult for everyone, and yet they persist.

Others have noted how the handicapped will show so much thanks toward God even though they seem to be denied what we call a normal life. Those with Down Syndrome are a good example. We taught a group of three students so they could be confirmed. Each one had a learning disability. The young man with Downs already looked older from his physical problems. All three memorized the Creed (no complaining). The young man with Downs knelt at the altar and prayed after the service. It was very touching. I have seen a lot of confirmations, but that was the only time that happened. It was quite a lesson for everyone. “Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.”

The handicapped are lepers among us, and yet he was not healed. Instead he was given an adult role in his congregation, after wishing for that for many years. He was no longer regarded as a little child. He received Holy Communion.

Of course the parents were joyful too, because they cared that much more that their special child was able to have a different standing in the congregation.

This all relates to an emphasis in Luther and Chytraeus. Thankfulness comes from trusting in God’s goodness and wisdom, no matter what may develop at the moment.

Faith in God is not limited to believing in God. That seems to be the stopping point for the Old Adam. I believe in God but I will figure out the future for myself. That has led to many kinds of compromises with false doctrine and bad practice, simply because the prospect of bearing the cross is too burdensome.
Chytraeus put it this way – It is a sin to doubt the goodness of God. The often-overlooked Book of Concord editor was eloquent in expressing himself this way. Anyone can go through the motions of faith in God and being thankful, but bad times make us doubt the goodness of God, and bearing the cross tempts us to ask if God is showing thankfulness toward us for believing in Him.

Prayer is the fruit of faith, just as thankfulness is. To pray to God as a loving, gracious forgiving Father means trust in His goodness. It also means trusting in His infinite power. God can change a situation in an instant or over time, depending on His wisdom. When we look back upon certain events we can how great the gap is between our expectations and God’s actions.

Experience told me the solution to the teaching problem – reduced work. I had a solution but the person who became a friend was a gadfly in that very area of work – the community college. He directed me toward what he knew, which was different, fun, challenging, and beneficial to young Christian students. I almost expected to hear a tinkling bell (“It’s a Wonderful Life) when he got his angel wings and disappeared.

Luther said he often prayed away calamities, because he trusted in God's great power to avert them. Gerhardt wrote a beautiful hymn (only found in German) about how God blesses us in so many ways, each and every day:
Lobet den Herren. That hymn reminds people about God providing daily blessings we do not often count because they represent the absence of evil.

I often write a prayer on FB for people facing difficult situations, especially when they are suffering from the illnesses of their spouses.

If anyone doubts the power of God in watching over the faithful, look at those without faith and note the calamities they face constantly, without knowing how to avoid them. Lack of faith means blindness toward God-pleasing actions and attitudes. Church leaders often have the least faith in God among all His subjects.

Trust in God is the real meaning of giving God all the glory. Trust in His Word means that it will bring about the best possible results in God’s eyes rather than in ours. What He can accomplish is often instant and yet just as often takes decades or centuries.

The epistle lesson also notes that we should pray for our leaders and give thanks for what God has ordained in our particular world. The decadent Roman Empire of the apostles served as a royal road for the Gospel across the world. The long-lasting Byzantine Empire (the Eastern part of the Roman Empire) survived for another 14 centuries after Christ to preserve the Greek heritage and keep Islam from Europe.

So God's will is accomplished through His Word – and we are thankful for it.













Classic Ichabod - Thanksgiving

Thursday, November 22, 2007

History Channel - The First Thanksgiving



Pilgrim's First Thanksgiving


First Thanksgiving

In 1621, the Plymouth colonists and Wampanoag Indians shared an autumn harvest feast which is acknowledged today as one of the first Thanksgiving celebrations in the colonies. This harvest meal has become a symbol of cooperation and interaction between English colonists and Native Americans. Although this feast is considered by many to the very first Thanksgiving celebration, it was actually in keeping with a long tradition of celebrating the harvest and giving thanks for a successful bounty of crops. Native American groups throughout the Americas, including the Pueblo, Cherokee, Creek and many others organized harvest festivals, ceremonial dances, and other celebrations of thanks for centuries before the arrival of Europeans in North America.


Food preparation
Historians have also recorded other ceremonies of thanks among European settlers in North America, including British colonists in Berkeley Plantation, Virginia. At this site near the Charles River in December of 1619, a group of British settlers led by Captain John Woodlief knelt in prayer and pledged "Thanksgiving" to God for their healthy arrival after a long voyage across the Atlantic. This event has been acknowledged by some scholars and writers as the official first Thanksgiving among European settlers on record. Whether at Plymouth, Berkeley Plantation, or throughout the Americas, celebrations of thanks have held great meaning and importance over time. The legacy of thanks, and particularly of the feast, have survived the centuries as people throughout the United States gather family, friends, and enormous amounts of food for their yearly Thanksgiving meal.

What Was Actually on the Menu?

What foods topped the table at the first harvest feast? Historians aren't completely certain about the full bounty, but it's safe to say the pilgrims weren't gobbling up pumpkin pie or playing with their mashed potatoes. Following is a list of the foods that were available to the colonists at the time of the 1621 feast. However, the only two items that historians know for sure were on the menu are venison and wild fowl, which are mentioned in primary sources. The most detailed description of the "First Thanksgiving" comes from Edward Winslow from A Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, in 1621:

"Our harvest being gotten in, our governor sent four men on fowling, that so we might after a special manner rejoice together after we had gathered the fruit of our labors. They four in one day killed as much fowl as, with a little help beside, served the company almost a week. At which time, among other recreations, we exercised our arms, many of the Indians coming amongst us, and among the rest their greatest king Massasoit, with some ninety men, whom for three days we entertained and feasted, and they went out and killed five deer, which they brought to the plantation and bestowed upon our governor, and upon the captain, and others. And although it be not always so plentiful as it was at this time with us, yet by the goodness of God, we are so far from want that we often wish you partakersof our plenty.

Did you know that lobster, seal and swans were on the Pilgrims' menu? Learn more...

Seventeenth Century Table Manners:
The pilgrims didn't use forks; they ate with spoons, knives, and their fingers. They wiped their hands on large cloth napkins which they also used to pick up hot morsels of food. Salt would have been on the table at the harvest feast, and people would have sprinkled it on their food. Pepper, however, was something that they used for cooking but wasn't available on the table.

In the seventeenth century, a person's social standing determined what he or she ate. The best food was placed next to the most important people. People didn't tend to sample everything that was on the table (as we do today), they just ate what was closest to them.

Serving in the seventeenth century was very different from serving today. People weren't served their meals individually. Foods were served onto the table and then people took the food from the table and ate it. All the servers had to do was move the food from the place where it was cooked onto the table.

Pilgrims didn't eat in courses as we do today. All of the different types of foods were placed on the table at the same time and people ate in any order they chose. Sometimes there were two courses, but each of them would contain both meat dishes, puddings, and sweets.

More Meat, Less Vegetables
Our modern Thanksgiving repast is centered around the turkey, but that certainly wasn't the case at the pilgrims's feasts. Their meals included many different meats. Vegetable dishes, one of the main components of our modern celebration, didn't really play a large part in the feast mentality of the seventeenth century. Depending on the time of year, many vegetables weren't available to the colonists.

The pilgrims probably didn't have pies or anything sweet at the harvest feast. They had brought some sugar with them on the Mayflower but by the time of the feast, the supply had dwindled. Also, they didn't have an oven so pies and cakes and breads were not possible at all. The food that was eaten at the harvest feast would have seemed fatty by 1990's standards, but it was probably more healthy for the pilgrims than it would be for people today. The colonists were more active and needed more protein. Heart attack was the least of their worries. They were more concerned about the plague and pox.

Surprisingly Spicy Cooking
People tend to think of English food at bland, but, in fact, the pilgrims used many spices, including cinnamon, ginger, nutmeg, pepper, and dried fruit, in sauces for meats. In the seventeenth century, cooks did not use proportions or talk about teaspoons and tablespoons. Instead, they just improvised. The best way to cook things in the seventeenth century was to roast them. Among the pilgrims, someone was assigned to sit for hours at a time and turn the spit to make sure the meat was evenly done.

Since the pilgrims and Wampanoag Indians had no refrigeration in the seventeenth century, they tended to dry a lot of their foods to preserve them. They dried Indian corn, hams, fish, and herbs.

Dinner for Breakfast: Pilgrim Meals:
The biggest meal of the day for the colonists was eaten at noon and it was called noonmeat or dinner. The housewives would spend part of their morning cooking that meal. Supper was a smaller meal that they had at the end of the day. Breakfast tended to be leftovers from the previous day's noonmeat.

In a pilgrim household, the adults sat down to eat and the children and servants waited on them. The foods that the colonists and Wampanoag Indians ate were very similar, but their eating patterns were different. While the colonists had set eating patterns--breakfast, dinner, and supper--the Wampanoags tended to eat when they were hungry and to have pots cooking throughout the day.

Source: Kathleen Curtin, Food Historian at Plimoth Plantation
All Photos Courtesy of Plimouth Plantation, Inc., Plymouth, Mass. USA.ca.

WELS College Student Has No Problem with Ski's Reformation Sermon.
Not What They Meant about Theme and Parts

Please keep all scrotums and sweaty oozey Jesus' away please.
Like ·  · 

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