The Glory Has Departed


Norma Boeckler, Artist in Residence

Bethany Lutheran Worship on
Ustream


NT Greek Lessons - Thursdays, 7 PM.

Saved worship files and Greek lessons are at the live worship link.

email: greg.jackson.edlp@gmail.com,
which works as gregjacksonedlp@gmail.com too.

Luther's Sermons, Lenker Series
Book of Concord Selections
Bente's Historical Introductions,
and Martin Chemnitz Press Books

Thursday, August 17, 2017

No Greek Class Tonight - Eyes Dilated

No Greek class tonight. I cannot see well enough
after the eye apppointment.

Yesterday's Rain Was Slight. Today - Heavy and Lasting



Yesterday I was awake when the lightning boomed above our home. Our neighbor mentioned it when I walked Sassy. Net result - almost no rain. But we did not need any more. Today I woke up to heavy rain, the radar predicting several more hours of it.

The lawns are lush and overgrown, and so are the weeds. The crab grass has become a bumper crop. Bushes are sagging and weighted down since the branches are softened by so much water.

Roses like the rain, so they are sprouting new blooms after weathering the Japanese beetle invasion.

I plan on clearing weeds out of sections of the rose garden, one area at a time. Since Bermuda grass is having so much fun, I will gather that and place it in the deep shade to decompose.

Morning Glory demonstrated how annoying it could be, by growing past the fence where Mr. Gardener started it, around the roses along the fence, and into the lawn in our yard. Morning Glory is shallow but persistent as it winds around everything and looks for more sun, growing up, around the roses, and across the surface.

Every season is different. Normally, August is almost devoid of rain here. Last year, fall arrived very late. Now the leaves are starting to fall, and more rain is predicted.

Brides Dream set me back $5.

The Rose Catalogues Have Arrived
Three categories of roses dominate my mind:

  1. The brand new varieties, which are always "in short supply" and priced high. $30 each.
  2. The reliable ones, which are no so numerous that the prices have been cut. $22 each, sometimes less.
  3. The left-overs, which are deeply discounted, but sent out very late in the season. $6 each, they are often sent out as "rainbow groups."
The most appealing to me are ones in the middle group. There is no telling if the new ones are going to be as happy in a given climate as they are in the catalogues. Some details are withheld, such as Pope John Paul II being so frail when cut for arrangements.

The last group is fun for discovering new varieties for very little money. They are not going to produce much in the current season because of their late start. My neighbor already put in an order for a rainbow group, and I can easily get those for his wife, who really wants to grow roses. When he asked in July, I said, "No roses are left to sell. Next year I will watch for the offers and get you one." 

 The prolific Easy Does It orange roses
cost me $6 - and they out-produce every other rose.


I can divide some plants now - not roses of course. Perennials  that clump are good to locate among the roses, because they host various beneficial bugs. Here are some ideas for them:
  • Bee Balm
  • Mountain Mint
  • Shasta Daisies.
Plants that seed themselves are often good hosts for beneficial bugs:
  • Borage
  • Fever Few
  • Dill.
 Queen Elizabeth deserves a place in the garden -
tall, graceful, and stunning.

Wednesday, August 16, 2017

Another Reason WELS Is Failing - WELS Union Work with ELCA

 


The panel discussion, "Congregational Culture Eats Mission for Breakfast," features Rev. Sherrie Lorbeck (ELCA's Cross of Life Lutheran Church, Brookfield, Wis.), Mr. Matt Trotter (WELS Grace Lutheran Church, Milwaukee, Wis.), and Rev. Brian West (LCMS NextGeneration at Trinity Lutheran, Clinton Township, MI).

Cross of Life Lutheran Church, Brookfield, ELCA - Rev. Sherrie Lorbeck


Max Trotter -  WELS
Matt Trotter is currently finishing a second stint as President of Grace, in Downtown Milwaukee. Matt has served as president from 2006 to 2010 and again from 2014 to the present. During that time, Grace has continued to present quality traditional liturgical worship, while adding staff, changing operating models, adding programming, and accommodating spirit-led membership growth of 250 souls. The median age of the 47 adults confirmed or baptized at Grace between 2012 and 2014 was 32 years old.   
Matt first attended Grace in 1999, after discovering it on a walk to a neighborhood establishment. Matt was baptized at Grace in September 2000, drawn to the church for its vibrant worship, thorough bible studies, and Monday night services. Matt’s other non-profit work included three years as a reading tutor at Martin Luther King Library in Milwaukee, seven years as a Special Olympics coach and six years on the board of Wisconsin Lutheran College.   
Professionally, Matt has worked at Time of Grace for two years in the field of Fundraising Development, as Chief Development Officer. Time of Grace’s mission is to connect people to God’s Grace, doing so via TV, print, and increasingly social media and the internet.  Prior to coming to Time of Grace, Matt owned a small business providing LED lighting product design, including optical engineering, for three successful Milwaukee Electric Tool LED Lights. Matt is a graduate of Texas A&M and a happy husband of 15+ years to a wonderful woman, Mary Jo. Together Matt and Mary Jo are super-blessed, never bored, parents of maybe the five most awesome daughters ever.

Biography

Pastor for the NextGeneration at Trinity Lutheran Church, Clinton Township, MI
Rev. Brian West has served as an overseas missionary in Central Europe, urban house-church planter, worship leader and currently serves as a Pastor for the NextGeneration at Trinity Lutheran Church in Clinton Township, MI. He is learning to embrace inefficiency as he follows Jesus; living passionately in Christ for the sake of the whole world. He and Erin, his wife of 12 years, and their two daughters are engaged in living as a messy family on mission. Rev. West is also an avid cyclist who loves to play and write music and almost never turns down a good cup of fair-trade coffee.

Rev Jason Ewart - Ausgekickung - WELS




Rev. Steve Witte - WELS Church and Change Founder



 Does anyone laugh when they call Steve Witte "Dr."?
All the Fulleroids have drive-by DMins that mock
the Means of Grace. Lawrenz, on the far left, is an exception -
with a real PhD from Judaism.

 Organized by Mark and Avoid Jeske - the buzz will never die.


Witte and other rascals were promoted for this
Church and Change hive gathering.

WELS Says - Trinkets Yes, Justification by Faith - NO!

 News flash - WELSians are more interested in drinking glasses.


Hunnius said this about Huber, a statement equally applicable to Edward Preuss, whose Justification by UnFaith essay is still praised as inspired by the LCMS-WELS-ELS Enthusiasts.

"Huber will never be able to explain his way out of this nonsense of insoluble contradictions and most prodigious absurdities. Therefore let him enjoy his justification, and let him bless his elect and sanctified people with it -- Turks, Jews and all unbelievers. We, in the meantime, shall restrict justification to believers only, as prescribed by all prophetic and apostolic Scriptures."


-- Theses Opposed to Huberianism

Cowardly Lion: Courage! What makes a king out of a slave? Courage! What makes the flag on the mast to wave? Courage! What makes the elephant charge his tusk in the misty mist, or the dusky dusk? What makes the muskrat guard his musk? Courage! What makes the sphinx the seventh wonder? Courage! What makes the dawn come up like thunder? Courage! What makes the Hottentot so hot? What puts the "ape" in apricot? What have they got that I ain't got?
DorothyScarecrowTin Woodsman: Courage! 
From Quotes

J-578
"So, then, we are reconciled; however, not only we, but also Hindus, and Hottentots and Kafirs, yes, the world. 'Reconciled', says our translation; the Greek original says: 'placed in the right relation to God'. Because before the Fall we, together with the whole creation, were in the right relation to God, therefore Scripture teaches that Christ, through His death, restored all things to the former right relation to God." 
F. R. Eduard Preuss, 1834-1904, Die Rechtfertigung der Suender vor Gott. Cited in Rick Nicholas Curia, The Significant History of the Doctrine of Objective or Universal Justification, Alpine, California: California Pastoral Conference, WELS. January 24-25, 1983. p. 24. [GJ - This restoration of all is used by Karl Barth, official theologian for Fuller, to promote Universalism.]


 This is so reassuring for unbelievers, clergy drunks
and adulterers.

Do WELS Parents Have a Synodical Duty To Produce More Children?

 The smoke and mirrors report - new plans from the dunces who promoted the Church Growth Movement for the last 40 years.

The LCMS is also in panic mode, and also blaming parents for not having enough babies to make them feel good about their synodical health.

I am focusing on WELS, because I have the most evidence from them, carefully copied into Megatron with the citations, mostly leaked from their own clergy, who chose to remain in hiding.

Summary - WELS jumped into the Fuller Seminary anti-Lutheran Church Growth Movement 40 years ago. The initial leaders were such apostates as Steve Witte, John Lawrenz, Frost Bivens, David Valleskey, Paul Kelm, Robert Hartman, the Wendland clan, Wayne Mueller, and many more. Three WELS Synod Presidents in a row have promoted the Church Growth Movement, its crafts and assaults. The First Vice President of WELS  is a Fuller alumnus, trained to be a "consultant" with Kelm and Larry Otto Olson, DMin Fuller.

This WELS congregation lost 50% of its average attendance in five years. How does a parish do that with so much Church Growth genius in the sect?

 "The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our cradle rolls,
but in ourselves." James Huebner, First VP.


WELS materials--like the LCA stuff I saw and the LCMS propaganda--were entirely devoted to Fuller's idiotic Church Growth Movement. The Michigan District of the LCMS named their Evangelism commission "Evangelism and Church Growth." That is either redundant or a contradiction. Beep. You are correct - it is a contradiction. Church Growth is based on marketing, numbers, and sociology. Church Growth is antagonistic toward Evangelism - the Means of Grace, the efficacy of the Word.

Yes, they are already ordaining women in WELS.


Kudu Don Patterson was not a Church and Change member,
but he attended their "last" conference.

Universalism--marching under the banner of Universal Objective Justification--is the dogma of Halle Pietism, Karl Barth, Fuller Seminary and W/ELS-LCMS-ELCA. The good news for them is that everyone is forgiven and saved - just tell the rabble that message. Wayne Mueller gave a speech to the WELS Youth conference in Columbus braying that same false doctrine. Wayne Mueller hates to admit it, but he was a champion of Church Growth all along. The Adam-apple did not fall far from that corrupt tree.






God is bringing doom, insolvency, and disaster upon the apostate Lutherans who mock the Reformation by trying to make a few bucks from its 500th anniversary.

The end-game for the mainline denominations--including all the Lutheran sects--is money without members. Many mainline congregations and seminaries are massive monuments of brick, marble, and glass -- well-endowed by the saints of the past -- emptied of students, staffed by incompetent, lazy pretenders as professors. Google through the faculties of the Protestant Left for the zaniest examples: Episcopal, UCC, Yale. Some are truly sickening to read, especially since the professors are being awarded the choice positions, felllowships, research grants, and titles. Foundations and insurance companies fund them, too.

 The glory has departed.

Tuesday, August 15, 2017

Hein shares results of demographic survey – WELS

Over 1,400 people have read this early post about WELS promoting the Fuller Church Growth programs.


Hein shares results of demographic survey – WELS:



"Hein shares results of demographic survey

2017/08/02/in Together
Rev. Jonathan Hein, director of the WELS Commission on Congregational Counseling, has overseen a comprehensive demographic survey of WELS over the past two years, and he shared key findings with delegates on Wednesday afternoon.

After peaking in 1990 at more than 420,000 souls, WELS’ baptized membership has decreased by 14 percent. Communicant membership is down 9 percent. Four items were identified as contributing factors to this decline:

Families today are having fewer children.
The number of WELS members dying and going to heaven is increasing as the overall population ages.
It has grown increasingly difficult to retain members, especially younger members. Since 1986, WELS lost between 240,000-260,000 members through removal/excommunication or from those members joining other Christian churches. These are sometimes referred to as “back door losses.”
Fewer people are living in rural areas, and this is impacting more than 100 churches who now face the “50/60 challenge”—fewer than 50 people worship each week and the average age worshiping is above 60 years old.
As Hein notes, “When you hear numbers like this, it can be easy to grow discouraged. Don’t. Christ is still risen. He still sits on his throne, ruling over everything for the benefit of his church. Through Word and sacrament, he still abides with us.”



Last fall, Hein and the other members of the Congregational Services team met and discussed how to meet these challenges. “Obviously, some of the factors contributing to WELS’ statistical decline are beyond our control—for example, the rising death rate,” says Hein. “However, there are other areas where, by God’s grace and with his aid, we might be able to increase our gospel efforts—evangelism, decreasing back door losses, etc. Congregational Services has put together a five-year strategy that we pray helps congregations as they strive to meet these challenges.”


Highlights of that five-year strategy include:

Creating a present-day mission emphasis—The Commission on Evangelism is developing a comprehensive evangelism curriculum that congregations can use to offer annual evangelism training and encouragement. Hein reminds us, “The results of increased evangelism efforts are entirely up to the Holy Spirit. However, if he would bless those efforts, it could make a substantial impact.”
Better capitalizing on WELS’ historic strengths—WELS maintains one of the largest private school systems in the country. The greatest growth in the past 20 years has been in early childhood ministries, which often attract unchurched families. Only a few congregations have seen these families become members of their churches, though. The common factor among these congregations is a “harvest strategy” that includes regular contact with parents and a process of witnessing. The Commissions on Lutheran Schools and Evangelism have jointly developed a program titled “Telling the Next Generation: Utilizing Our Schools for Outreach” that helps congregations develop a zealous harvest strategy.
Producing resources for Millennial outreach and retention—Several WELS organizations have been studying Millennials and their worldviews. Congregational Services would like to bring those groups together to compile a “best practices” list in reaching this demographic. This task force would develop resources to help congregations retain its young adults and to reach other Millennials within the community.
“This project is a central focus for our synod going forward,” says WELS President Mark Schroeder. “You’ll hear more about specific ideas and overall progress as the plan rolls out. Remember, we have the unchanging gospel . . . and that’s at the core of everything we do.”

 Devoting his meager talents to Church Growth,
Larry Olson has created a cadre of women ministers.
Fuller Seminary disciplines those who oppose the
ordination of women. Co-inky-dink?

Hein agrees. He says, “One of the catch-phrases we use in the Commission on Congregational Counseling goes like this: ‘If we are doing all we can with the gospel, numbers don’t matter.’ The challenges before us provide us with an opportunity to examine if we are indeed ‘doing all we can with the gospel.’ Let us view the challenges facing WELS as an opportunity to recommit ourselves to the mission Christ has given us, to trust in the power of his Word and sacraments, and to rejoice in the privilege that God has given us to play a role in his saving work.”


Read Hein’s full report, titled “A demographic study of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod,” available online. Look for additional details in the November WELS Connection."

New membership booklet - be sure to read this first.


'via Blog this'

Luther's Sermons - 1-2-3. Where Are They Now?



Volume 1 is completely done and available in

  1. Full color,
  2. The Black and White economy edition, and
  3. The Kindle e-book.


Volume 2 is being processed at Amazon for the same treatment.

Volume 3 is edited and getting artwork from Norma Boeckler.

Volume 4 is being edited.


Raining on the Weeds



The trouble with weeding in clay soil, during a drought, is the tight hold of the brick-like base of each weedy plant. The trouble with a rainy August is the opportunistic growth of those weeds, which will not be pulled during downpours.

The fun part of a surprising August rainy season comes from the visits at the feeders. We have baby birds and young squirrels hanging around, not really anxious to fly or run away. Mrs. Ichabod wanted more blue-berries on sale at Walmart and then realized how quickly longing can turn to loathing. I am fine with that since a few dollars in berries will make everyone happy outside.

The strangest thing was tracing the strange odor outside. No, it was not the garbage can fermenting in the heat and high humidity. The aroma reminded me of Waterloo, Ontario, where Seagrams brewed whiskey. Ah, that was it. The copious amounts of cracked corn were sitting on the soil and fermenting a bit from the rain. The birds are so careless at the feeder that the ground feeders cannot keep up. Eating for them often means scraping their beaks across the exit hole of the hanging feeder, scattering corn bits to the ground.

Some corn lands on the window sill, so I am trying to get some photos of birds and squirrels there. I learned that the mother squirrels send them out to find food on their own. In our yard, that means eating several meals a day at the feeders.

I looked through the rose garden to check for new exotic plants or some pollinator plants dug in for the beneficial insects. The dill is going to seed but where is the parsley? Then I remembered how many rabbits I saw in the rose garden.

Joe Pye is blooming, but I am waiting for Hidden Lily to stop hiding and start blooming. Right now they look more like the ugly cousins of  the Cannas.

The roses are coming back from the Japanese beetles invasion. My approach is to promote milky spore disease in the soil and kill the surviving amorous adults next year. That means going out in the dark with a flashlight, finding beetles in the roses, and killing them. That will certainly cement my reputation on the block as being a bit different. But that is OK. Everyone calls me The Professor.




Monday, August 14, 2017

Why care about the Nicene, Apostles’, and Athanasian, Creeds? - Comfort for Christians


WELS and the LCMS (with ELCA) say "Yes!
Our gurus at Fuller, Willow Creek, and Exponential have teached us to avoid displaying our confession of faith. The cross is a big turn-off, too.
Let's use cool names like GracePoint, Time of Grace, and The CORE."


Why care about the Nicene, Apostles’, and Athanasian, Creeds? - Comfort for Christians:



"The Apostles’ Creed, the Athanasian Creed, the Nicene Creed, and the Sixteenth Century Confessions of our Church are each and every one of them the product of the greatest upheavals and the most intense crises in the Church of Christ. Creeds are born, not made. They are wrung in the agony and anxiety of a Confession at an epoch fraught with the possibility of perilous consequences to the confessors.

Such creeds, the mighty foundations of our Fathers, do not bind us, but they plant us on solid ground. They do not throttle, but they protect us. They specialize, differentiate and qualify our Church’s activity, render it more effective, and save much experimental waste. They no more hem us in and bind us down than noble old trees, planted by our fathers, hem in, destroy and narrow down the landscape. -Theodore Schmauk. The Confessional Principle. pp. 22-23

The Confessional Principle is now being prepared for publication as an e-book."




'via Blog this'

Sunday, August 13, 2017

How To Keep Lutherans Passive and Obedient



James Damore on being fired from Google

"As Noam Chomsky once observed, 'the smart way to keep people passive and obedient is to strictly limit the spectrum of acceptable opinion, but allow very lively debate within that spectrum,'" Damore wrote.

***
"So, Lone Starr, now you see that evil will always triumph,
because good is dumb."


GJ - This applies so well to the UOJ Pseudo-Lutherans. They have endlessly gassy web discussions on:

  1. LutherQuest (sic)
  2. American Lutheran Publicity Bureau
  3. Steadfast (sic) Lutherans (sic)
They never discuss whether the KJV is any good at all, or the principles of translating (except to make fun of precise work). 

They know nothing about New Testament manuscripts, so they accept what the apostate Biblical societies tell them.

Justification by Faith is a joke to them, so they will not answer a direct question - "Do you teach Justification by Faith?"

Crimes in their synods - 
  • "I am unaware of that."
  • "That is a lie!"
  • "Who told you?"

 W/ELS inbreeding - "I am your father's brother's nephew's cousin's former roommate."
---

As I was saying - Someone promoting UOJ wrote on Facebook about lightning hitting during their Lutheran church service. I said it was God telling them to repudiate UOJ. Not the original pastor, but another ELS pastor, James Dale Wilson, said something like - "It is the Spirit of the air rebuking you." And something about my father (implying Satan). It is good to know the ELS imagines that Justification by Faith is Satanic. That might influence people attending their churches and schools before the Schwan song.

Various people were posting, so I went back later - no thread. No links to comments, because that happens when someone erases the thread on Facebook.

'the smart way to keep people passive and obedient is to strictly limit the spectrum of acceptable opinion, but allow very lively debate within that spectrum,'


 I said, "This is your professor of UOJ, a Halle Pietist,
translated and interpreted by a Calvinist. OJ and SJ?
Woods, the Calvinist translator, 

was an Evangelical celebrity at the time.

Schmauk on the two kinds of anti-Christian tyranny - Comfort for Christians



Schmauk on the two kinds of anti-Christian tyranny - Comfort for Christians:



"Schmauk on the two kinds of anti-Christian tyranny

1 minute read
In this passage from great Christian teacher Theodore Schmauk, we see a large part of the underlying conflict going on around us in America. The false choice between authoritarianism or romanticism is no choice at all.

Without authority – for direction, appeal, and decision, – no step of intellectual, spiritual or social activity is possible. The question is not really as to authority, but as to its proper seat and location. The motto of the ancient pre-Christian, of the medieval, and of modern Roman, civilization, is “Society above the individual.” This ancient tyranny repeats itself today in scientific form in the motto, “The race above the individual”; in sociological form, when the State assumes to encroach upon the rights of the individual, and passes laws which propose to regulate the personal life, health, education, acts, interests, and happiness of the individual; and in political form, when the axiom of authority, “The majority rules”, is pressed ruthlessly against the minority. The same tyranny is found or imported into nature as the seat of authority, when its laws are interpreted as reducible to the axiom that “Might makes right”, or “The strongest survive.”

The reaction against this tyranny over the individual, so characteristic of the ancient world, and manifesting itself in modern sociology and science, is the extreme Romantic, or revolutionary, position, well expressed in the motto of Rousseau : “The individual above society.” If the absolute enforcement of authority upon the individual is Romanism, this elevation of the individual to the supreme seat is Protestantism gone to seed. It was already inherent in the humanism of the Reformation, and occasioned the controversies with Fanaticism in theology, and the Peasants’ War in sociology, in Luther’s day.

Theodore E. Schmauk. “The Confessional Principle”, 1911.
The Confessional Principle is now being prepared for publication as an e-book.

Originally published at: Comfort for Christians"



'via Blog this'

The Ninth Sunday after Trinity, 2017. Luke 16:1-9.
The Unrighteous Steward



The Ninth Sunday after Trinity, 2017

Pastor Gregory L. Jackson



The melodies are linked in the hymn title. 
The lyrics are linked in the hymn number.
The Confession of Sins
The Absolution
The Introit p. 16
The Gloria Patri
The Kyrie p. 17
The Gloria in Excelsis
The Salutation and Collect p. 19
The Epistle and Gradual       
The Gospel              
Glory be to Thee, O Lord!
Praise be to Thee, O Christ!
The Nicene Creed             p. 22
        
Practical Wisdom

The Preface p. 24
The Sanctus p. 26
The Lord's Prayer p. 27
The Words of Institution
The Agnus Dei p. 28
The Nunc Dimittis p. 29
The Benediction p. 31
The Hymn # 54              Guide Me Thou, O Great Jehovah                    

KJV 1 Corinthians 10:1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; 2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; 3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat; 4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ. 5 But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness. 6 Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted.

KJV Luke 16:1 And he said also unto his disciples, There was a certain rich man, which had a steward; and the same was accused unto him that he had wasted his goods. 2 And he called him, and said unto him, How is it that I hear this of thee? give an account of thy stewardship; for thou mayest be no longer steward. 3 Then the steward said within himself, What shall I do? for my lord taketh away from me the stewardship: I cannot dig; to beg I am ashamed. 4 I am resolved what to do, that, when I am put out of the stewardship, they may receive me into their houses. 5 So he called every one of his lord's debtors unto him, and said unto the first, How much owest thou unto my lord? 6 And he said, An hundred measures of oil. And he said unto him, Take thy bill, and sit down quickly, and write fifty. 7 Then said he to another, And how much owest thou? And he said, An hundred measures of wheat. And he said unto him, Take thy bill, and write fourscore. 8 And the lord commended the unjust steward, because he had done wisely: for the children of this world are in their generation wiser than the children of light. 9 And I say unto you, Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when ye fail, they may receive you into everlasting habitations.



Ninth Sunday After Trinity

Lord God, heavenly Father, who hast bountifully given us Thy blessing and our daily bread: We beseech Thee, preserve us from covetousness, and so quicken our hearts that we willingly share Thy blessed gifts with our needy brethren; that we may be found faithful stewards of Thy gifts, and abide in Thy grace when we shall be removed from our stewardship, and shall come before Thy judgment, through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, one true God, world without end. Amen.

The Sower - by Norma Boeckler


Practical Wisdom

KJV Luke 16:1 And he said also unto his disciples, There was a certain rich man, which had a steward; and the same was accused unto him that he had wasted his goods.

Mankind thinks in terms of the law and works, so even the most Christ-centered parable - the Good Samaritan - is almost universally taught as a do-gooder lesson. Many parts of the Scriptures are so clear that no one can get past their lessons without completely ignoring them - which the false teachers do, with a vengeance. But still, people remember what those passages teach and should not let them go. 

I heard of a comical situation where a WELS pastor tried to lead a layman into confessing forgiveness without faith. No matter how much manipulation was used, the layman still replied according to justification by faith. 

In the case of this parable, Luther complains that the Church of Rome uses it to prove the necessity of good works and that good works take us to eternal life. And if we stick to human reason, which always eviscerates the Word, then that is truly so. The unjust steward is an example, but of what?


4. The foundation must be maintained without wavering, that faith without any works, without any merit, reconciles man to God and makes him good, as Paul says to the Romans 3:21-22: “But now apart from the law a righteousness of God hath been manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets; even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ unto all them that believe.” Paul at another place, Romans 4:9, says: “To Abraham, his faith was reckoned for righteousness;” so also with us.

Again, 5: “Being therefore justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.” Again, 10:10: “For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.” These, and many more similar passages, we must firmly hold and trust in them immovably, so that to faith alone without any assistance of works, is attributed the forgiveness of sins and our justification.

5. Take for an illustration the parable of Christ in Matthew 7:17: “Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but the corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit.” Here you see that the fruit does not make the tree good, but without any fruit and before any fruit the tree must be first good, or made good, before it can bear good fruit. As he also says, Matthew 12:33-34: “Either make the tree good, and its fruit good; or make the tree corrupt, and its fruit corrupt: for the tree is known by its fruit. Ye offspring of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things?”

To deny these truths - stated by Luther - is no different from the person who says, "But the Bible never uses the term Trinity," or even - "See here, only the Father and Son are mentioned, so this is the Brotherhood of Man and the Fatherhood of God." (BOMFOG - mainline liberal apostasy). 

The parable is easily condensed. The proud but wasteful estate manager was called before the owner and told to get out. 

 2 And he called him, and said unto him, How is it that I hear this of thee? give an account of thy stewardship; for thou mayest be no longer steward. 3 Then the steward said within himself, What shall I do? for my lord taketh away from me the stewardship: I cannot dig; to beg I am ashamed. 4 I am resolved what to do, that, when I am put out of the stewardship, they may receive me into their houses. 

There is no repentance, only a plan to get hired as a manager of another estate. That is how this parable earned the name - The Unjust Steward, which is what Jesus called him.

This is even more disgusting. Now that he is being kicked out, he is making friends with the peers of his master, so he can be hired by them. After all, he is too weak to dig and too proud to beg. (Is this not a humorous statement. We can picture an accountant with soft hands and muscles, well known for his specialized work. Digging is impossible and he does not want to be the accountant shaking a tin cup.

8 And the lord commended the unjust steward, because he had done wisely: for the children of this world are in their generation wiser than the children of light. 9 And I say unto you, Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when ye fail, they may receive you into everlasting habitations.

This seems to present an even greater puzzle, because the master of the estate should be even more furious, not eager to commend the manager. 

I see two things emphasized here - for this generation. One is that many Enthusiasts are led to believe that foolish behavior is "spiritual" and good, like the woman who gave away all her possessions to a church's Junk for Jesus sale, to help the youth. 

Or the Assemblies of God pastor who would not let the workmen shore up a wall just before a windstorm, because it meant working on the Sabbath. Many bragged that this cost them $100,000 to fix. So noble! But he was unfaithful with the Word and with his marriage, which became known even better.

And we can see many foolish efforts made by denominations and congregations, which are power plays to show how powerful the leaders are. And they will say, "That's the way we are."

One pastor had to have a much larger building because his fellow pastor had an expansion. Later that much larger building, useless, was shut down 66% for heating in the winter. So a new pastor turned on all the heat so he could have a completely warm, empty building. 

A lot foolishness empties congregations and scandalizes them so that they identify the worst excesses with the cross and Christianity.

The second emphasis is Jesus teaching the connection between faith and good works, that the works are the fruit of faith. This is quite important from several sides of the issue. Many of my graduate students only think of the Law and never talk of any other issue except the Law and punishment. "If we don't help others, we lose justification by faith." I try to point out the good tree and good fruit example taught by Jesus.

Therefore, riches are unrighteous, because the people misuse and abuse them. For we know that wherever riches are the saying holds good: money rules the world, men creep for it, they lie for it, they act the hypocrite for it, and do all manner of wickedness against their neighbor to obtain it, to keep it, and increase it to possess the friendship of the rich.

When people simply accumulate riches and do nothing worthwhile with it, except to show off their excess, it is mammon of unrighteousness.

The opposite is taking pleasure in helping others and doing good with the Gospel, which varies in many different ways. I just wrote about wasted efforts with one person, and addict, but this addict called me to tell me how he was doing. I urged him to prove to his shattered  family that he was becoming a different person. 

Jesus is teaching us that these people will welcome us into heaven when we pass into eternal life. Thus the Christian Faith has been a blessing for so many people.



Luther on Faith and Works - The Unjust Steward



NINTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.

SECOND SERMON — LUKE 16:1-9.

KJV Luke 16:1 And he said also unto his disciples, There was a certain rich man, which had a steward; and the same was accused unto him that he had wasted his goods. 2 And he called him, and said unto him, How is it that I hear this of thee? give an account of thy stewardship; for thou mayest be no longer steward. 3 Then the steward said within himself, What shall I do? for my lord taketh away from me the stewardship: I cannot dig; to beg I am ashamed. 4 I am resolved what to do, that, when I am put out of the stewardship, they may receive me into their houses. 5 So he called every one of his lord's debtors unto him, and said unto the first, How much owest thou unto my lord? 6 And he said, An hundred measures of oil. And he said unto him, Take thy bill, and sit down quickly, and write fifty. 7 Then said he to another, And how much owest thou? And he said, An hundred measures of wheat. And he said unto him, Take thy bill, and write fourscore. 8 And the lord commended the unjust steward, because he had done wisely: for the children of this world are in their generation wiser than the children of light. 9 And I say unto you, Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when ye fail, they may receive you into everlasting habitations.


1. Although in my Postils hitherto, and in my little book, Christian Liberty and Good Works, I have taught very extensively, how faith alone without works justifies, and good works are done first after we believe, that it seems I should henceforth politely keep quiet, and give every mind and heart an opportunity to understand and explain all the gospel lessons for themselves; yet I perceive that the Gospel abides and prospers only among the few; the people are constantly dispirited and terrified by the passages that treat of good works; so that I see plainly how necessary it is, either to write Postils on each gospel lesson, or to appoint sensible ministers in all places who can orally explain and teach these things.

2. If this Gospel be considered without the Spirit by mere reason, it truly favors the priests and monks, and could be made to serve covetousness and to establish one’s own works. For when Christ says: “Make to yourselves friends by means of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when it shall fail, they may receive you into the eternal tabernacles;” they force from it three points against our doctrine of faith, namely: first, against that we teach faith alone justifies and saves from sin; second, that all good works ought to be gratuitously done to our neighbors out of free love; third, that we should not put any value in the merits of saints or of others.

3. Against our first proposition they claim the Lord says here: “Make to yourselves friends by means of the mammon of unrighteousness,” just as though works should make us friends, who previously were enemies.

Against the second is what he says: “That they may receive you into the eternal tabernacles;” just as though we should do the work for our own sakes and benefit. And against the third they quote: “The friends may receive us into the eternal tabernacles;” just as though we should serve the saints and trust in them to get to heaven.

For the sake of the weak we reply to these:

I. FAITH ALONE MAKES US GOOD, AND FRIENDS OF GOD.

4. The foundation must be maintained without wavering, that faith without any works, without any merit, reconciles man to God and makes him good, as Paul says to the Romans 3:21-22: “But now apart from the law a righteousness of God hath been manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets; even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ unto all them that believe.” Paul at another place, Romans 4:9, says: “To Abraham, his faith was reckoned for righteousness;” so also with us.

Again, 5: “Being therefore justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.” Again, 10:10: “For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.” These, and many more similar passages, we must firmly hold and trust in them immovably, so that to faith alone without any assistance of works, is attributed the forgiveness of sins and our justification.

5. Take for an illustration the parable of Christ in Matthew 7:17: “Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but the corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit.” Here you see that the fruit does not make the tree good, but without any fruit and before any fruit the tree must be first good, or made good, before it can bear good fruit. As he also says, Matthew 12:33-34: “Either make the tree good, and its fruit good; or make the tree corrupt, and its fruit corrupt: for the tree is known by its fruit. Ye offspring of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things?”

Thus it is the naked truth, that a man must be good without good works, and before he does any good works. And it is clear how impossible it is that a man should become good by works, when he is not good before he does the good works. For Christ stands firm when he says: “How can ye, being evil, speak good things?” And hence follows: How can ye, being evil, do good things?



6. Therefore the powerful conclusion follows, there must be something far greater and more precious than all good works, by which a man becomes pious and good, before he does good; just as he must first be in bodily health before he can labor and do hard work. This great and precious something is the noble Word of God, which offers us in the Gospel the grace of God in Christ. He who hears and believes this, thereby becomes good and righteous. Wherefore it is called the Word of life, a Word of grace, a Word of forgiveness. But he who neither hears nor believes it, can in no way become good. For St. Peter says in the Acts 15:9: “And he made no distinction between us and them, cleansing their hearts by faith.”

For as the Word is, so will the heart be, which believes and cleaves firmly to it. The Word is a living, righteous, truthful, pure and good Word, so also the heart which cleaves to it, must be living, just, truthful, pure and good.

7. What now shall we say of those passages which so strongly insist on good works, as when the Lord says: “Make to yourselves friends by means of the mammon of unrighteousness?” And in Matthew 25:42: “For I was hungry, and ye did not give me to eat.” And many other similar passages, which sound altogether as though we had to become good by works. We answer thus: 8. There are some who hear and read the Gospel and what is said by faith, and immediately conclude they have formed a correct notion of what faith is. They do not think that faith is anything else than something which is altogether in their own power to have or not to have, as any other natural human work. Hence, when in their hearts they begin to think and say: “Verily, the doctrine is right, and I believe it is true,” then they immediately think faith is present. But as soon as they see and feel in themselves and others that no change has taken place, and that the works do not follow and they remain as before in their old ways, then they conclude that faith is not sufficient, that they must have something more and greater than faith.

Behold, how they then seize the opportunity, and cry and say: Oh, faith alone does not do it. Why? Oh, because there are so many who believe, and are no better than before, and have not changed their minds at all. Such people are those whom Jude in his Epistle calls dreamers, 5:8, who deceive themselves with their own dreams. For what are such thoughts of theirs which they call faith, but a dream, a dark shadow of faith, which they themselves have created in their own thoughts, by their own strength without the grace of God? They become worse than they were before. For it happens with them as the Lord says in Matthew 9:17 “Neither do men put new wine into old wine-skins; else the skins burst, and the wine is spilled.” That is, they hear God’s Word and do not lay hold of it, therefore they burst and become worse.

9. But true faith, of which we speak, cannot be manufactured by our own thoughts, for it is solely a work of God in us, without any assistance on our part. As Paul says to the Romans 5:15, it is God’s gift and grace, obtained by one man, Christ. Therefore, faith is something very powerful, active, restless, effective, which at once renews a person and again regenerates him, and leads him altogether into a new manner and character of life, so that it is impossible not to do good without ceasing.



For just as natural as it is for the tree to produce fruit, so natural is it for faith to produce good works. And just as it is quite unnecessary to command the tree to bear fruit, so there is no command given to the believer, as Paul says, nor is urging necessary for him to do good, for he does it of himself, freely and unconstrained; just as he of himself without command sleeps, eats, drinks, puts on his clothes, hears, speaks, goes and comes.

Whoever has not this faith talks but vainly about faith and works, and does not himself know what he says or whither it tends. For he has not received it; he juggles with lies and applies the Scriptures where they speak of faith and works to his own dreams and false thoughts, which is purely a human work. Whereas the Scriptures attribute both faith and good works not to ourselves, but to God alone.

10. Is not this a perverted and blind people? They teach we cannot do a good deed of ourselves, and then in their presumption go to work and arrogate to themselves the highest of all the works of God, namely faith, to manufacture it themselves out of their own perverted thoughts. Wherefore I have said that we should despair of ourselves and pray to God for faith as the Apostle did. Luke 17:5. When we have faith we need nothing more, for it brings with it the Holy Spirit, who then teaches us not only all things, but also establishes us firmly in it, and leads us through death and hell to heaven.

11. Now observe, we have given these answers, that the Scriptures have such passages concerning works, on account of such dreamers and selfinvented faith; not that man should become good by works, but that man should thereby prove and see the difference between false and true faith.

For wherever faith is right it does good. If it does no good, it is then certainly a dream and a false idea of faith. So, just as the fruit on the tree does not make the tree good, but nevertheless outwardly proves and testifies that the tree is good, as Christ says, Matthew 7:16: “By their fruits ye shall know them”--thus we should also learn to know faith by its fruits.

12. From this you see, there is a great difference between being good, and to be known as good; or to become good and to prove and show that you are good. Faith makes good, but works prove the faith and goodness to be right. Thus the Scriptures speak in the plain way, which prevails among the common people, as when a father says unto his son: “Go and be merciful, good and friendly to this or to that poor person.” By which he does not command him to be merciful, good and friendly, but because he is already good and merciful, he requires that he should also show and prove it outwardly toward the poor by his act, in order that the goodness which he has in himself may also be known to others and be helpful to them. 13 So you should explain all passages of Scripture referring to works, that God thereby desires to let the goodness received in faith express and prove itself, and become a benefit to others, so that false faith may become known and rooted out of the heart. For God gives no one his grace that it may remain inactive and accomplish nothing good, but in order that it may bear interest, and by being publicly known and proved externally draw every one to God; as Christ says, Matthew 5:16: “Even so let your light shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.” Otherwise it would be but a buried treasure and a hidden light. But what profit is there in either? Yea, goodness does not only thereby. become known to others, but we ourselves also become certain that we are honest, as St. Peter in 2 Peter 1:10 says: “Wherefore, brethren, give the more diligence to make your calling and election sure.” For where works do not follow a man cannot know whether his faith is right; yea, he may be certain that his faith is a dream, and not right as it should be. Thus Abraham became certain of his faith and that he feared God, when he offered up his son. As God by the angel said to Abraham, Genesis 22:12: “Now I know, that is, it is manifest, that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me.”

14. Then abide by the truth, that man is internally, in spirit before God, justified by faith alone without works, but externally and publicly before men and himself, he is justified by works, that he is at heart an honest believer and pious. The one you may call a public or outward justification, the other an inner justification, yet in the sense that the public or external justification is only the fruit, the result and proof of the justification in the heart, that a man does not become just thereby before God, but must previously be just before him. So you may call the fruit of the tree the public or outward good of the tree, which is only the result and proof of its inner and natural goodness.

This is what St. James means when he says in his Epistle, James 2:26: “Faith without works is dead.” That is, as the works do not follow, it is a sure sign that there is no faith there; but only an empty thought and dream, which they falsely call faith. Now we understand the word of Christ: “Make to yourselves friends by means of the mammon of unrighteousness.” That is, prove your faith publicly by your outward gifts, by which you win friends, that the poor may be witnesses of your public work, that your faith is genuine. For mere external giving in itself can never make friends, unless it proceed from faith, as Christ rejects the alms of the Pharisees in Matthew 6:2, that they thereby make no friends because their heart is false. Thus no heart can ever be right without faith, so that even nature forces the confession that no work makes one good, but that the heart must first be good and upright.

II. ALL WORKS MUST BE DONE FREELY AND GRATUITOUSLY, WITHOUT SEEKING GAIN BY THEM.

15. Christ means this when, in Matthew 10:8, he says: “Freely ye receive, freely give.” For just as Christ with all his works did not merit heaven for himself, because it was his before; but he served us thereby, not regarding or seeking his own, but these two things, namely, our benefit and the glory of God his Father; so also should we never seek our own in our good works, either temporal or eternal, but glorify God by freely and gratuitously doing good to our neighbor. This St. Paul teaches the Philippians 2:5: “Have this mind in you which was also in Christ Jesus: who, existing in the form of God, counted not the being on an equality with God a thing to be grasped, but emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men; and being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, becoming obedient even unto death, yea, the death of the cross.” That is, for himself he had enough, since in him dwelt all the fullness of the Godhead bodily; and yet he served us and became our servant.

16. And this is the cause; for since faith justifies and destroys sin before God, so it gives life and salvation. And now it would be a lasting shame and disgrace, and injurious to faith, if any one by his life and works would desire to obtain what faith already possesses and brings with it. Just as Christ would have only disgraced himself had he done good in order to become the Son of God and Lord over all things, which he already was before. So faith makes us God’s children as John 1:12 says: “But as many as received him, to them gave he the right to become the children of God, even to them thai: believe on his name.” But if they are children, then they are heirs, as St. Paul says, Romans 8:17, and Galatians 4:7.

How then can we do anything to obtain the inheritance, which we already have by faith?

17. But what shall we say of passages that insist on a good life for the sake of an external reward as this one does: “Make to yourselves friends by means of the mammon of unrighteousness?” And in Matthew 19:17: “But if thou wouldst enter into life, keep the commandments.” And Matthew 6:20: “But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven.” We will say this: that those who do not know faith, only speak and think of the reward, as of works. For they think that the same rule obtains here as in human affairs, that they must earn the Kingdom of heaven by their works.

These, too, are dreams and false views, of which Malachi 1:10, speaks: “Oh, that there were one among you that would shut the doors, that ye might not kindle fire on mine altar in vain!” They are slaves and greedy self-enjoying hirelings and day laborers, who receive their reward here on earth, like the Pharisees with their praying and fasting, as Christ says, Matthew 6:2.

However, in regard to the eternal reward it is thus: inasmuch as works naturally follow faith, as I said, it is not necessary to command them, for it is impossible for faith not to do them without being commanded, in order that we may learn to distinguish the false from the true faith. Hence the eternal reward also follows true faith, naturally, without any seeking, so that it is impossible that it should not, although it may never be desired or sought, yet it is appropriated and promised in order that true and false believers may be known, and that every one may understand that a good life follows naturally of itself.

18. As an illustration of this take a rude comparison: behold, hell and death are also threatened to the sinner, and naturally follow sin without any seeking; for no one does wickedly because he wants to be damned, but would much rather escape it. Yet, the result is there, and it is not necessary to declare it, for it will come of itself. Yet, it is declared that man might know what follows a wicked life. So here, a wicked life has its own reward without seeking it. Hence a good life will find its reward without any seeking it. When you drink good or poor wine, although you do not drink it for the taste, yet the taste naturally follows of itself.

19. Now when Christ says: make to yourselves friends, lay up for yourselves treasures, and the like, you see that he means: do good, and it will follow of itself without your seeking, that you will have friends, find treasures in heaven, and receive a reward. But your eyes must simply be directed to a good life, and care nothing about the reward, but be satisfied to know and be assured that it will follow, and let God see to that. For those who look for a reward, become lazy and unwilling laborers, and love the reward; more than the work, yea, they become enemies of work. In this way God’s will also becomes hateful, who has commanded us to work, and hence God’s command and will must finally become burdensome to such a heart.

III. IT IS NOT THE SAINTS, BUT GOD ONLY WHO RECEIVES US INTO THE ETERNAL TABERNACLES, AND BESTOWS THE REWARD.

20. This is so clear that it needs no proof. For how can the saints receive us into heaven, as every one himself must depend on God alone to receive him into heaven, and every saint scarcely has enough for himself? This the wise virgins prove, who did not wish to give of their oil to the foolish virgins, Matthew 25:9, and St. Peter, 1 Peter 4:18, says: “The righteous is scarcely saved.” And Christ in John 3:13: “And no one hath ascended into heaven, but he that descended out of heaven, even the Son of Man, who is in heaven.”

21. What then shall we reply to: “Make to yourselves friends out of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when it shall fail, they may receive you into the eternal tabernacles ?” We say this: that this passage says nothing about the saints in heaven, but of the poor and needy on earth, who live among us. As though he would say: why do you build churches, make saints and serve my mother, St. Peter, St. Paul and other departed saints?

They do not need this or any other service of yours, they are not your friends, but friends of those who lived in their days and to whom they did good; but do service to your friends, that is, the poor who live in your time and among you, your nearest neighbors who need your help, make them your friends with your mammon.

22. Again, we must not understand this reception into the eternal tabernacles as being done by man; however, men will be an instrument and witness to our faith, exercised and shown in their behalf, on account of which God receives us into the eternal tabernacles. For thus the Scriptures are accustomed to speak when they say: sin condemns, faith saves, that means, sin is the cause why God condemns, and faith is the cause why he saves. As man also is at all times accustomed to say: your wickedness will bring you misfortune, which means, your wickedness is the cause and source of your misfortune. Thus our friends receive us into heaven, when they are the cause, through our faith shown to them, of entering heaven.

This is enough on these three points.

23. In this connection we will explain three questions, that we may better understand this Gospel. What is mammon? Why is it unrighteous? And why Christ commands us to imitate the unjust steward, who worked for his own gain at his master’s expense, which without doubt is unjust and a sin?

24. First, mammon is a Hebrew word meaning riches or temporal goods, namely, whatever any one owns over and above what his needs require, and with which he can benefit others without injuring himself. For Hamon in Hebrew means multitude, or a great crowd or many, from which Mahamon or Mammon, that is, multitude of riches or goods, is derived.

25. Second, it is called unrighteous, not because obtained by injustice and usury, for with unrighteous possessions no good can be done, for it must be returned as Isaiah 61:8, says: “For I, Jehovah, love justice, I hate robbery with iniquity.” And Solomon, Proverbs 3:27, says: “Withhold not good from them to whom it is due, when it is in the power of thy hand to do it.” But it is called unrighteous because it stands in the service of unrighteousness, as St. Paul says to the Ephesians 5:16, that the days are evil, although God made them and they are good, but they are evil because wicked men misuse them, in which they do many sins, offend and endanger souls. Therefore, riches are unrighteous, because the people misuse and abuse them. For we know that wherever riches are the saying holds good: money rules the world, men creep for it, they lie for it, they act the hypocrite for it, and do all manner of wickedness against their neighbor to obtain it, to keep it, and increase it to possess the friendship of the rich.

26. But it is especially before God an unrighteous mammon because man does not serve his neighbor with it; for where my neighbor is in need and I do not help him when I have the means to do so, I unjustly keep what is his, as I am indebted to give to him according to the law of nature: “Whatsoever you would that men should do to you, do you even so to them.” Matthew 7:12. And Christ says in Matthew 5:42: “Give to him that asketh thee.” And John in his first Epistle,1 John 3:17: “But whoso hath the world’s goods, and beholdeth his brother in need, and shutteth up his compassion from him, how doth the love of God abide in him?” And few see this unrighteousness in mammon because it is spiritual, and is found also in those possessions which are obtained by the fairest means, which deceive them that they think they do no one any harm, because they do no coarse outward injustice, by robbing, stealing and usury.

27. In the third place it has been a matter of very great concern to many to know who the unjust steward is whom Christ so highly recommends? This, in short, is the simple answer: Christ does not commend unto us the steward on account of his unrighteousness, but on account of his wisdom and his shrewdness, that with all his unrighteousness, he so wisely helps himself. As though I would urge some one to watch, pray and study, and would say: Look here, murderers and thieves wake at night to rob and steal, why then do you not wake to pray and study? By this I do not praise murderers and thieves for their crimes, but for their wisdom and foresight, that they so wisely obtain the goods of unrighteousness. Again. as though I would say: An unchaste woman adorns herself with gold and silk to tempt young boys; why will you not also adorn yourself with faith to please Christ? By this I do not praise fornication, but the diligence employed.

28. In this way Paul compares Adam and Christ saying: “Adam was a figure of him that was to come.” Romans 5:14. Although from Adam we have nothing but sin, and from Christ nothing but grace, yet these are greatly opposed to each other. But the comparison and type consist only in the consequence or birth, not in virtue or vice. As to birth, Adam is the father of all sinners, so Christ is the father of all the righteous. And as all sinners come from one Adam, so all the righteous come from one Christ.

Thus the unjust steward is here typified to us only in his cunning and wisdom, who knows so well how to help himself, that we should also consider in the right way the welfare of our souls as he did in the wrong way that of his body and life. With this we will let it suffice, and pray God for grace.