UOJ fanatics - here is your theologian, George Christian Knapp, Professor at Halle University. The book was widely used throughout America, printed in German and translated into English by one of the best known Protestant leaders of the time.
The copy on my desk is from 1859, but Knapp was already translated by Woods from German in 1833. Books were relatively few in number then, but I ended up with two copies of Knapp from 150 years ago. Knapp's Lectures must have been like copies of Reader's Digest Condensed Books.
The English editions show how popular Knapp was in the 19th century. The Missouri Synod leaders were more familiar with German, so an edition printed in both languages was bound to be appealing. Doubtless all the Midwest Lutheran clergy were very familiar with German as the language of theology. That is no longer true at the same seminaries they established.
Here are some statements from the English edition, 8th, 1859, p. 397ff:
The Scripture doctrine of pardon or justification through Christ, as an universal and unmerited favour of God.
1. The Universality of this Benefit
It is universal as the atonement itself...If the atonement extends to the whole human race, justification must also be universal--i.e., all must be able to obtain the actual forgiveness of their sins and blessedness on account of the atonement of Christ. But in order to obviate mistakes, some points may require explanation.
*[Translator note - This is very conveniently expressed by the terms objective and subjective justification. Objective justification is the act of God, by which he profers pardon to all through Christ; subjective is the act of man, by which he accepts the pardon freely offered in the gospel. The former is universal, the latter not.]
Read it from Google here, link provided by Bruce Church.
GJ - Note that the translator was using these new terms, objective and subjective, in 1859, perhaps as early as 1833, when the work was first done. The print edition uses italics for those two terms.
Knapp taught at Halle University, a school set up by Spener to teach his version of unionistic theology.
Knapp rejected the efficacy of the Sacraments, pooh-poohing infant faith, in these lectures.
Some questions to be pursued:
1. What did Tholuck teach at Halle? That would tell us more about Hoenecke.
2. How extensive was this double-justification language?