|UOJ is connected to Pietism via Zinzendorf and Halle University.|
Bishop Stephan led his cell-group Pietists out of this congregation to America.
Son of Hans Jakob Rambach, cabinet maker at Halle, Johann left school in 1706, and entered his father’s workshop. However, in the autumn of 1707, he dislocated his ankle, and during his recovery, he turned to his school books, and his desire for learning reawakened. Early in 1708, he entered the Latin School of the Halle Orphanage, and on October 27, 1712, he matriculated at the University of Halle as a medical student. He soon turned his attention to theology, though, and became especially interested in Old Testament study under J. H. Michaelis. In May 1715, he became one of Michaelis’ assistants, helping prepare his edition of the Hebrew Bible, for which he wrote the commentary on Ruth, Esther, Nehemiah, and other books. His health began to suffer in the spring of 1719, and he accepted the invitation of Count von Henkel to stay at Pölzig, near Ronneburg, where he spent several months. By August, he had recovered, and went to visit Jena, where a number of students had asked him to lecture. He settled in Jena in October 1719, living in the home of Professor Buddeus (J. F. Budde). He graduated MA in March 1720, and in 1723 was appointed adjunct of the Theological faculty at Halle; as an inspector of the Orphanage; in 1726 extraordinary professor of theology; and in 1727, after A. H. Francke’s death, ordinary professor and preacher at the Schulkirche. Here he was very popular, both as preacher and professor, but his colleagues’ jealousy induced him to accept an offer from Landgrave Ernst Ludwig of Hessen, who in 1731 invited him to Giessen as superintendent and first professor of theology (before leaving Halle, he received his Doctor of Divinity degree on June 28, 1731), and in August 1732, appointed him also director of the Paedagogium at Giessen. In 1734, he almost accepted an offer of the first professorship of theology at the newly founded University of Göttingen, but at the request of the Landgrave, decided to stay in Giessen.
Jay Webber cinches his argument with a quotation from a Halle Pietist:
The 18th-century Lutheran theologian Johann Jacob Rambach makes the following observation in his Ausfuehrliche Erklaerung der Epistel an die Roemer (p. 322), regarding the Lord's payment and satisfaction of sinful humanity's "debt" to God:
"Christ was in his resurrection first of all justified for his own person, Is. 50:5, 1 Tim. 3:16, since the righteousness of God declared that it had been paid and satisfied in full by this our Substitute, and issued him as it were a receipt thereof; and that happened in his resurrection, when he was released from his debtor's prison and set free. But since the Substitute was now justified, then in him also all debtors were co-justified."
Later in that commentary Rambach also writes (in a way that shows that he has 1 Tim. 3:16 in mind):
"The justification of the human race indeed also ocurred, in respect of the acquisition, in one moment, in the moment in which Christ rose and was thus declared righteous; but in respect of the appropriation it still continues till the last day."
Rev. Webber is a smart guy, but Webber is wrong in this case. I think he is confused because UOJers mix Lutheran doctrine in with their UOJ doctrine. They speak of faith acquiring righteousness in the subjective justification step, but strictly according to their UOJ doctrine, there is no acquiring anything by faith, but instead faith only opens their eyes and they realize that they had been justified all along.
That's sound Lutheran doctrine by Rambach--that in respect to acquisition only, Christ acquired forgiveness and righteousness for the entire world (i.e., universal atonement). The point at issue with UOJ is whether the Father declared the entire world righteous at Christ's resurrection. No, he did not. The righteousness remains in heaven, as Luther's treasure quote tells us, and is only distributed to men as they come to faith, and it is taken back if they apostatize.
Webber got the Rambach quote from volume III of Walther-Baier, pp. 271-3. Here is another translation of that quote:
J. J. Rambach: “Christ was in his resurrection first of all for his own person made righteous, Isa. 50:5, 1 Tim. 3:16, then the righteousness of God declared that from this our surety may be paid out and we are fully freed, and he is like a receipt given, and this happens in his resurrection; there he leaves his shield-tower and is placed on free feet. There now the surety is justified, thus in him also all debtors will be made righteous.” (Ausführliche Erklärung der Ep. and die Römer, p. 322)