|By the twelfth century, iconography for Raising of Lazarus has changed as seen in the icon (image below) from St. Catherine’s Monastery in Sinai. Now a throng of people fill the space as well. Among the crowd Martha and Mary stand or kneel in prayer while individuals cover their noses disgusted by Lazarus’ pungent death smell. These icons much like the earlier mosaics encourage the viewer to study the image and experience the story as a participant in the crowd. The gold background represents heavenly space and time eternal.|
- This is the last straw for the Jewish opponents, who must stop Jesus, who is clearly what He claims to be - the Son of God and Savior.
- Those who believe in Jesus see and comprehend His divinity, but that exousia enrages and frightens the opponents.
- Lazarus is the forerunner of the death and resurrection of Christ, and visible proof of Jesus' power. So, they must kill Lazarus too.
- The clamor and antagonism of Palm Sunday comes from the witnesses following Jesus and Lazarus from Bethany to Jerusalem, the crowds knowing of this miracle coming out to meet the throng from Bethany, everyone encircling the Messiah.